企业新闻 | 2021-01-08


Data from health apps offers opportunities and obstacles to researchers身体健康运用于数据为研究员带来机会和阻碍Researchers are eager to tap into the steadily expanding pool of health information collected from users by products like Fitbit, Clue, and the Apple Watch. But while these datasets could be a scientific treasure trove for scientists, they also pose ethical challenges that need to be addressed.研究员因此以迫切利用Fitbit、Clue和Apple Watch等身体健康运用于商品收集到的大大的持续增长的客户身体健康信息。尽管这种数据库对生物学家而言有可能是一份科学研究宝藏,但另外,他们也带来了务必解决困难的社会道德挑戰。There are huge opportunities. I think thats the attraction, says Ida Sim, director of digital health for the Division of General Internal Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. Sim explains that part of the appeal for scientists is that the apps and tech are designed to appeal to the general public. A commercial app or device with an easy, attractive interface is primed for long-term use by far more people than can usually be included in a research study. As opposed to a clunky research wristband, which is ugly, and people wont wear it, she says.“大家应对着巨大机会,我强调它是其特性之一,”位于美国旧金山的加利福尼亚大学消化内科综合部的数据身体健康负责人艾达·西姆(Ida Sim)说。

西姆表明道,运用于和高新科技目地切合大家,它是更有生物学家的地区。一个商业服务运用于或机器设备,其页面比较简单、有诱惑力,已能够为大家长时间服务项目,其服务项目总数比一项研究室涉及的试验者更为多。“这与研究室涉及的既轻便又不好看的表链忽视,没人不肯携带这类表链,”他说。Researchers are taking advantage of the better design of their corporate counterparts, and in some cases, companies are especially eager to collaborate. This spring, the period tracking app Clue offered funds to researchers hoping to use Clue users cycle tracking data to answer scientific questions. The company had previously provided data to researchers who approached it directly, but the grants marked a formalization of their existing program.研究员因此以利用公司同行业设计方案的更优商品,在一些状况下,这种公司愿意协作。


2020年春季,生理期跟踪运用于Clue为研究员获得支助,这种研究员期待利用Clue客户的生理期追踪数据回答关键问题。在这以前,该公司已向立即联络的研究员获得了数据,但这种经费预算意味着目前方案月执行。Its been an evolving conversation, says Amanda Shea, research collaborations manager at Clue. Our dataset is big enough now, and we have more of the proper protocols in place can ensure users arent at risk through data sharing, that we can more actively participate in research.“它是一场进一步提高的会话,”Clue企业的科学研究协作主管阿曼达·阿拉瓦(Amanda Shea)说。

“现阶段,大家的数据库已超出非常大的经营规模,更为多确保客户会因为数据共享资源而应对风险性,且Clue职工能够更为积极开展科学研究的协议书也已所在之处。”Unlike academic researchers, app companies like Clue are explicitly designed and have the resources to collect and maintain large amounts of data. On the other hand, commercial apps usually arent designed for research, which demands predictable, transparently collected, and granular data. Sometimes, that means app-generated information is actually less useful to researchers, says Olivia Walch, a postdoctoral student studying mathematics and circadian rhythms at the University of Michigan.与学术研究研究员各有不同,像Clue那样的应用软件公司设计实际,且具有收集和保证很多数据的資源。另一方面,商业服务应用软件一般来说并不是为科学研究而设计方案的,由于科学研究务必可预测分析,透明色收集和优化的数据。


有时候,这意味著应用软件带来的信息本质上对研究员并无多实用价值,密歇根大学数学课和自主神经系统技术专业的博士研究生学员斯蒂芬尼·斯提希(Olivia Walch)说。